Just a few thousand of the islanders speak Portuguese as a first language. Only about hald of the islanders are literate in Portuguese.


The great majority of the population speak a language known as the Gulf of Guinea Creole, or Crioulou, which is based upon old-fashioned Portuguese mixed with various Bantu languages. There are three main dialects, that reveal the geographical origins of the islanders of mainland Africa, showing the influence of the Kwa languages of the Guinea coast as well as the languages of central and souther Africa.